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Five Main Forms of Interior Lighting Design

The indoor space feeling and ambient atmosphere are inseparable from the effect of lighting. Light is not only to meet the functional needs of people's lighting, but also a very important visual design factor. Light can also affect people's perception of the size and shape of objects, texture and color perception. In interior design, we can use various means to use lighting effects to create and enrich the visual effects of the space, making the space more emotional.

The lamps and lanterns in the indoor space are not only of use value but also an important decorative element in the interior. The color, shape and style of each innovative lighting lamp, the primary and secondary or complementary relationship between lamps and lamps, and the functional focus and application of different types of lamps The space is also different. According to the needs, the essence of lighting design is to use different combinations of lamps and lanterns to carry out a variety of lamps and lanterns. It renders different styles for the space to enhance the taste and style of the space.

1. Interior lighting design: direct lighting

Direct lighting design refers to the direct projection of light for a specified area. Generally, the common direct lighting in the room includes the main light installed on the ceiling and the down-illuminated recessed light, which can make the irradiated area have an immediate lighting effect. The advantage is that all the luminous flux can be irradiated in the space, and the minimum power consumption can be used to meet the required illumination requirements. However, the light source directly shining on the space is also prone to glare, so it is necessary to pay attention to the problem of light pollution during design.

2. Interior lighting design: indirect lighting

Indirect lighting design refers to the use of reflection to export light, and the light is reflected and then illuminated to the irradiation area. The light distribution will be more uniform, and it can also avoid the visual stimulation caused by direct lighting directly to the eyes. It is a kind of gentle lighting technique. The brightness of the overall space is reflected or refracted by the material performance. If the overall light source is bright enough, it can also create a bright sense of space. However, due to the loss of light reflection, it will consume more electricity than direct lighting to achieve the same lighting brightness.

3. Interior lighting design: key lighting

It refers to focusing on lighting in some spaces, and using spotlights, table lamps, downlights, floor lamps, etc. to better distinguish between primary and secondary in the same space, and to guide the attention of the eye through changes in light to create visual focus. Highlight a place or an item in the space, use the contrast of light to set off the focal point, and increase visual appreciation and interest at the same time. It is suitable for key display areas such as lighting decorative paintings, collection cabinets, and display walls.

4. Interior lighting design: auxiliary lighting

Innovative lighting does not directly affect the area where people usually live. Generally, it mainly plays a role in setting off the atmosphere of the space and achieves a decorative effect. Auxiliary lighting is a supplement to the main lighting design. Smaller lamps such as wall lamps, table lamps, standing lamps, light strips, and light strings are generally used as auxiliary lighting to enhance the sense of light hierarchy. The purpose of auxiliary lighting is to make the overall lighting design more flexible and meet lighting needs more comprehensively.

5. Interior lighting design: scene lighting

The scene lighting design takes the space scene as the starting point to set off a specific scene atmosphere. The feature of scene lighting is that through the brightness adjustment and color change of light, a lighting mode suitable for the current scene can be obtained. Through light adjustment, use the light and shade relationship of light, the color change of light, and the visual experience to change the impression of the space, and use light rendering to create a good space atmosphere and add some interest to the space.

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